The Montessori Method of education, developed by Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood. Montessori's method has been used for over 100 years in many parts of the world. It is by far the most popular Pre school & Kindergarten teaching methodology used.The Montessori method views the child as one who is naturally eager for knowledge and capable of initiating learning in a supportive, thoughtfully prepared learning environment. It is an approach that values the human spirit and the development of the whole child - physical, social, emotional, cognitive.This is a method of education for young children that stresses the development of a child's own initiative and natural abilities, especially through practical play. This method allowed children to develop at their own pace and provided educators with a new understanding of child development. Educators who followed this model set up special environments to meet the needs of students in three developmentally-meaningful age groups: 2–2.5 years, 2.5–6 years, and 6–12 years. The students learn through activities that involve exploration, manipulations, order, repetition, abstraction, and communication. Teachers encourage children in the first two age groups to use their senses to explore and manipulate materials in their immediate environment. Children in the last age group deal with abstract concepts based on their newly developed powers of reasoning, imagination, and creativity.It attempts to develop children physically, socially, emotionally and cognitively. While there are a range of Teaching Practices & Pedagogies, some of the essentials one are-Mixed age classrooms; classrooms for children ages 2½ or 3 to 6 years old are by far the most common, Student choice of activity from within a prescribed range of options, Uninterrupted blocks of work time, ideally three hours, “discovery" model, where students learn concepts from working with materials, rather than by direct instruction, A thoughtfully prepared environment where materials are organized by subject area, within reach of the child, and are appropriate in size & a trained Montessori teacher who follows the child and is highly experienced in observing the individual child's characteristics, tendencies, innate talents and abilities.
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